Journal watch 1st April


Happy Easter!!


Welcome to the 3rd edition of Cardiothoracics journal watch

Key publications in cardiothoracic anaesthesia, cardiothoracic critical care, cardiology, echocardiography, and cardiothoracic surgery from the last 7 days


Anaesthesia journals


Anticoagulant and side-effects of protamine in cardiac surgery

Use of prothrombin complex concentrate for management of coagulopathy after cardiac surgery: a propensity score matched comparison to plasma


Anaesthesia and analgesia

Retrograde Type B Aortic Dissection Caused by Intraaortic Balloon Counterpulsation



Hemopericardium and Acute Cardiac Tamponade


Etiology of Acute Coronary Syndrome after Noncardiac Surgery

Type 2 Perioperative Myocardial Infarction: Can We Close Pandora’s Box?


Biologic Impact of Mechanical Power at High and Low Tidal Volumes in Experimental Mild Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Anomalous Drainage of Inferior Vena Cava into the Left Atrium

Hyperinsulinemic Normoglycemia during Cardiac Surgery Reduces a Composite of 30-day Mortality and Serious In-hospital Complications: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Comparison of Two Major Perioperative Bleeding Scores for Cardiac Surgery Trials: Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding in Cardiac Surgery and European Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Bleeding Severity Grade



Pharmacokinetics of Magnesium Bolus Therapy in Cardiothoracic Surgery

Pharmacokinetics of Magnesium in Cardiac Surgery: Implications for Prophylaxis Against Atrial Fibrillation


Impact of a Monoplane Hemodynamic TEE (hTEE) Monitoring Device on Decision Making in a Heterogeneous Hemodynamically Unstable Intensive Care Unit Population: A Prospective, Observational Study

Protective Invasive Ventilation in Cardiac Surgery: A Systematic Review With a Focus on Acute Lung Injury in Adult Cardiac Surgical Patients

Update on Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices for Anesthesiologists Intravenous Iron Therapy in Patients Undergoing Cardiovascular Surgery: A Narrative Review

Postcardiotomy Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (VA ECMO) in Adult Patients – Many Questions, Few Answers, and Hard Choices

Anesthesia for Lung Transplantation in Cystic Fibrosis: Retrospective Review from the Irish National Transplantation Centre

Use of Dexmedetomidine in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia


Intensive care journals


Understanding the long-term sequelae of ECMO survivors

The ten principles behind arterial pressure

Ventricular septal defect without tamponade after penetrating trauma

Adjuvant therapy in acute heart failure

Adjunct and rescue therapies for refractory hypoxemia: prone position, inhaled nitric oxide, high frequency oscillation, extra corporeal life support

Transthoracic cardiac ultrasound in prone position: a technique variation description

Reduction of cardiac herniation following intrapericardial pneumonectomy with pleural perfusion of saline

Outcome of unexplained acute respiratory distress syndrome with diffuse alveolar damage after lung transplantation

Left ventricular endocardial pacing for the critically ill


Am J Resp Crit Care Med

Risk Assessment Tools in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Prognosis for Prospective Trials?


Is Cisatracurium the Neuromuscular Blocking Agent of Choice in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

An Observational Study of the Efficacy of Cisatracurium Compared with Vecuronium in Patients with or at Risk for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome


Shock-associated Cardiac Arrest: Vasodilator Therapy May Help

Pulmonary Vasodilator Therapy in Shock-associated Cardiac Arrest


General medical journals


6-month versus 12-month or longer dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute coronary syndrome (SMART-DATE): a randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial

12 months of DAPT after acute coronary syndrome still beats 6 months



β-Blockers in Myocardial Infarction Issues With Standard Admission Order Sets


Echocardiography journals


ACC/AATS/AHA/ASE/ASNC/HRS/SCAI/SCCT/SCMR/STS 2017 Appropriate Use Criteria for Multimodality Imaging in Valvular Heart Disease

Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion/Exclusion: Procedural Image Guidance with Transesophageal Echocardiography

Echocardiographic Imaging for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Stressing the Cardiopulmonary Vascular System: The Role of Echocardiography

Mean Right Atrial Pressure for Estimation of Left Ventricular Filling Pressure in Patients with Normal Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction: Invasive and Noninvasive Validation


Cardiology journals


Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients With Heart Failure and Narrow QRS Complexes

Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in the Absence of LV Mechanical Dyssynchrony: Primum Non Nocere


Eur Heart J

The year in cardiology 2017: acute coronary syndromes


Impact of treatment delay on mortality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients presenting with and without haemodynamic instability: results from the German prospective, multicentre FITT-STEMI trial

Reperfusion delay in patients with high-risk ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: every minute counts, much more than suspected



CULPRIT-SHOCK (Culprit Lesion Only PCI Versus Multivessel Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Cardiogenic Shock) Implications on Guideline Recommendations

Wide QRS Complex Tachycardia


Respiratory journals



Re-examining Permissive Hypercapnia in ARDS

Ventilator Management and Respiratory Care After Cardiac Arrest

Management of Refractory Vasodilatory Shock

β-Blockers in COPD

Expiratory Flow Limitation During Mechanical Ventilation

Is Routine Chest X-ray After Ultrasound-Guided Central Venous Catheter Insertion Choosing Wisely? A population-based retrospective study of 6875 patients



Lung abscess or empyema? Taking a closer look


Cardiothoracic surgery journals


Intraoperative ECMO and the possibility of postoperative prolongation improve survival in bilateral lung transplantation

The term “supportive care” is preferable to “palliative care” for consults in the cardiothoracic intensive care unit

Duration of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support and survival in cardiovascular surgery patients

Pleural mechanics and the pathophysiology of air leaks

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction as an independent risk factor of mortality after cardiothoracic surgery

One-year outcomes with the HeartMate 3 left ventricular assist device

A continuous-flow external ventricular assist device for cardiogenic shock: Evolution over 10 years

Improvement in patient-reported outcomes after lung transplantation is not impacted by the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to transplantation

Thoracoscopic surgery for tracheal and carinal resection and reconstruction under spontaneous ventilation

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and mechanical valves: An unfriendly relationship



Transfusion of red blood cells in coronary surgery: is there an effect on long-term mortality when adjusting for risk factors and postoperative complications?

Postoperative analgesia after pulmonary resection with a focus on video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to lung transplantation may not impact overall mortality risk after transplantation: results from a 7-year single-centre experience

Thoracic enhanced recovery with ambulation after surgery: a 6-year experience



Dual antiplatelet therapy after coronary artery bypass surgery: is there an increase in bleeding risk? A meta-analysis

Medical treatment for acute Type A aortic dissection

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for cardiogenic shock due to alcoholic cardiomyopathy: a long-term follow-up of 4 cases











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